Rugby, more commonly known as rugby union, is an extremely well-known full-contact team sport originating in England in the mid 19th century. One of two codes of rugby, it relies on constantly moving with the ball on the ground by using both the feet and the head. This game has enjoyed enormous popularity in both the UK and internationally. It has come to represent a mixture of national and sporting pride.
The history of rugby can be traced back to the early days of English rugby when, in addition to the game of “football”, English rugby players also played “spear play” which was essentially a form of boxing. This originated from a need to protect their feet from injury, and the result was a game that had very similar rules and structure to boxing. With this foundation, rugby became what it is today.
The game of rugby has developed greatly since those early days. Today there are professional teams at both professional and university level in several countries. In addition to the professional game, the sport has developed into a very popular social activity, especially in countries where it is not widely regarded as a sport. Rugby can be played by individuals of all ages and abilities, even for those people not born with the physical requirements of playing rugby.
The game of rugby differs from football in many ways. Firstly, rugby relies on continuous movement of the ball rather than players continuously being on the ground. Secondly, rugby is played with three different teams (two forwards and two backs) rather than the traditional 15-a-side team sport. Finally, rugby relies on constant forward passing to maintain possession of the ball. Unlike football where the offensive team tries to score before the other team has possession of the ball, rugby continues to play until one team has control of the ball. This means that the rugby team that scores first is considered to be the winner.
Touch rugby is played with five tackles (including one forward pass). Each team must carry out their own set number of touches, including carrying, throwing and grounding the ball. Touch rugby is played using a standard ball; this differs from the type of ball used in football that is usually made from synthetic materials. Touch rugby is an exciting and rewarding sport which can provide a fun and interactive exercise that all children and young people should enjoy.
Touch rugby involves five phases of play. The rugby pitch has 12 vertical banks or lines which are divided by horizontal lines. The aim of the game is for the side that touches the end line first, to be the side that receives the next point from the other side. When a try is made, the try line is crossed with a tack which is either from the side making the tackle or the other side.
The rugby sevens game is played in three periods of fifteen minutes each, with three ten-minute halves. The rugby union is played in one of two sevens and is played with five players on each side. A scrum will then commence after the two ten minute halves have ended. The scrum allows both teams to line up in their positions prior to the ball being snapped. No player may participate in the scrum with their hands, arms or head.
After the ball is snapped, the referee will order a restart with two minutes of play time left in the game. After the restart, the teams will line up again with their bases covered with rugby balls. It is now the duty of the players playing in the sevens to throw the rugby balls into the opponents goal line. When a player makes a successful pass they will receive one point while a miss will result in them losing one point and their team will lose one point.